Adhesives Inventory July 2010

July 19, 2010


Alaska State Museum

Ellen Carrlee, Conservator



1. I like to scan the list before selecting an adhesive for treatment to make sure I am considering all my alternatives.

2. Keeping obsolete adhesives helps me think about what may have been used on an artifacts in our collection, as well as monitor its aging under natural conditions on the lab shelf.  If something looks like hell in the bottle, I have to wonder how it is faring on the artifact.

3. The inventory lets me know at a glance if I have a certain adhesive so I do not re-order something we already have and waste money.



Acrylic Medium Gloss Daniel Smith 8 oz plastic jar

Acrysol WS-24 1 gallon plastic jug, nearly full still liquid but quite old from Rohm and Haas in Philadelphia.

Acrylic disperson for waterlogged bone consolidation slightly acidic, polyacrylic acid w/ acrylic copolymers or sodium polyacrylate.  Neutralization with any base causes it to clarify and thicken.  Dries transparent, colorless, hygroscopic and slightly brittle.  pH 7-7.5?

Acrysol WS-24 1 quart liquid in a HDPE plastic jug June 2010

Aquazol 500 100g bag of dry resin beads from MuseuM Services Corp June 2010

Aquazols are made of poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline). Soluble in water as well as polar organic solvents. Hot melts, liquid adhesives, consolidants, transparent coatings, and gessos

Aquazol 100 100g bag of dry resin beads from MuseuM Services Corp June 2010

Aquazol 50 100g bag of dry resin beads from MuseuM Services Corp June 2010

BEVA D-8 dispersion  Large plastic jar approx 1 pint Conservator’s Products Company (Talas) 2009

nonionic high viscosity adhesive. BEVA® D-8 is an emulsified mixture of ethylene vinyl acetate. It is used as a wet adhesive and as a hot-melt

BEVA gel in small plastic film-canister with original label, a sample?  Dried, yellow, old

aqueous dispersion of BEVA® 371. BEVA® Gel contains 25-50% water mixed with ethylene vinyl acetate and acrylic resin in a thixotropic gel. It is a contact adhesive designed for the cold lining of paintings.

CM Bond Liquid Hide Glue Cons Mat Ltd Freeport blvd.  Seprated but still liquid in a plastic bottle. Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

CM Bond M-4 less than a quart, separated, in plastic jar.  Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

CM Bond M-4 “vinyl acetate/ ethylene copolymer emulsion” Cons Mat Ltd (Kleppe Lane) Small plastic bottle, seems unopened? Circa 1993-95?

Emulsion pH = 4.0-6.5 (manufacturer). Dried film is soluble in methanol. Vinyl alcohol/ vinyl acetate copolymer? Flexible

CM Bond W-2 bookbinding adhesive  Still liquid Cons Mat Ltd 1 quart unopened. Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way) early1990’s

primarily composed of a polyvinyl acetate emulsion. CM Bond® W-2 contains small amounts of vinyl alcohol, soap, china clay and a phthalate plasticizer (Down et al 1996).

CM Bond W-1 Plastic bottle (25% full) separated, very old Cons Mat Ltd Freeport Blvd 1981

primarily composed of ethylene vinyl acetate. CM Bond® W-1 also contains small amounts of vinyl alcohol, soap and phthalate plasticizer (Down et al 1996).

Ethulose 400 ethylcellulose powder Plastic jar (50% full) very old

white powder composed of ethylhydroxyethylcellulose. Ethulose is a water soluble, nonionic cellulose ether. A 4% solution forms a thick viscous liquid while a 8% solution is a gel. Ethulose dries to a flexible matte film.  Non-ionic.  Has plasticizer dibutyl phthalate in it?

Fueki Rice Starch Paste September 1997  Kimura Framing & Gallery, Inc.1933 Ocean Avenue, San Francisco, CA  94127-2795 U.S.A. (650) 322-3984 bought 1997

Gluten-free, high quality paste made from polysaccharide granules separated from wheat flour to form a low viscosity solution when heated with water. 18% natural starch, 2.24% natural salt, 2.07% age-resister, 0.3% antiseptics, , 0.03% perfume.  Pre-mixed.

Golden Gel Matte Medium plastic jar 8oz.  2009

Some archaeologists and museums in Alaska use this for labeling artifacts, I was given some to test

Golden Self Leveling Clear Gel plastic 8oz jar and a glass brush bottle Feb 2010

Some archaeologists and museums in Alaska use this for labeling artifacts, I was given some to test

Isenglas 20g sheet Kremer-Pigmente in plastic bag  1992?

Has low surface tension and good wetting properties

Jade 403 PVA From Talas, 1 pint plastic jar.  Ellen’s circa 2005

white aqueous adhesive emulsion containing ethylene vinyl acetate (20/80) copolymer. Jade 403 may also contain small amounts of plasticizers, dispersion aids, defoamers and preservatives. Traces of formaldehyde have been found (Down et al 1996). pH 6.5-7.2  Dried film swells in water, ethanol

Lascaux 360HV 1 pint in lpastic jar from Talas 2010

Methyl methacrylate butyl acrylate thickened with acrylic butylester. The dry film is slightly tacky and can be used as a weak pressure sensitive adhesive or it can be activated to improve adhesion with toluene, alcohol or heat (50-55°C). The emulsion can be thinned with water, but once the film is dried it is insoluble in water. Lascaux 360 HV is used as an adhesive for lining paintings and textiles.

Lascaux 498 HV  from Talas. 1 pint plastic jar. Oct 2007

water-based emulsion containing butyl acrylate thickened with methacrylic acid (40% solids). Lascaux Acrylic Adhesive 498 HV can be thinned with water, but once the film is dried it is insoluble in water. The minimum film formation temperature for 498 HV is approximately 5C. A dry film is slightly tacky and can be used as a weak pressure sensitive adhesive or it can be activated to improve adhesion with toluene, alcohol or heat (75C). Lascaux Acrylic Adhesive 498 HV has been used for lining and mounting canvases, paper, wood and plaster.  pH is 9-10 but dies to a lower pH Tg 26C

Lascaux Medium for Consolidation 1 pint liquid in a plastic jug Aug 2009

aqueous dispersion of acrylic co-polymers based on acrylic ester, styrene, and methacrylate ester manufactured by Lascaux Colours and Restauro in Switzerland and available through Talas in the U.S.


Liquitex Matte Medium   in a plastic bottle.  Almost empty. 

May have been used by Mary Pat Wyatt in the 1980’s for basketry repair?

Methylcellulose One Quart plastic jar, powder, 1980’s or earlier

white powder that is used as a synthetic substitute for natural gums. It forms a highly viscous colloidal solution in cold water that reversibly gels when heated. Methyl cellulose dries to a clear film with very little shrinkage. It has been used as a substitute for gelatin and glue in sizing paper and has been used as an adhesive in textile and paper conservation (Kuhn 1986). Methyl cellulose has also been used as a poulticing material to pick up stains; as a poultice the addition of fumed silica minimizes depth penetration while the addition of glycerin adds flexibility. Methyl cellulose is sometimes found as a binder in pastels and watercolor paints. In industry, methyl cellulose is used as a lubricant, suspension aid and emulsifier. It is used in foods, leather tanning and cosmetics. Aging studies indicate that methyl cellulose (MC) polymers have very good stability with negligible discoloration or weight loss (Feller and Wilt 1990).

Methylcellulose in distilled water 5% July 2003 250mL glass lab jar (20% full, slightly cloudy)

Methylcellulose in smaller glass jar, liquid, no date Likely pre-2000

Milliput Epoxy Putty two rods in a cardboard box 2001

POLYOX WSRcoagulant 1lb in a plastic tub

Tested on PEG treated archaeological basketry.  Very stringy and mucous-like, poor handling properties, weak adhesive.  POLYOX® WSR coagulant is a non ionic polyethylene oxide with a molecular mass of 5,000,000 g/mol manufactured by Dow Chemical

PVA Polyvinyl acetate emulsion in large ½ gallon plastic jar from Light Impressions  and two smaller applicator bottles.  April 1999.

one of the most widely used water-dispersed resins. Polyvinyl acetate water-based emulsions have been used as latex house paints, artists’ media (since 1938), and common household white glues. Setting is accomplished by the removal of water due to evaporation or absorption into a substrate. PVAC resins produce clear, hard films that have good weather resistance and withstand water, grease, oil, and petroleum fuels. Additional properties are high initial tack, almost invisible bond line, softening at 30-45C, good biodegradation resistance, poor resistance to creep under load, and low cost. Polyvinyl acetate resins and copolymers are also used as hot-melt adhesives, sealants, fabric finishing, plastic wood, and inks  pH is acidic

Rabbit Skin Glue From Permanent Pigments.  Very old.  1/4lb paper jar with metal lid.  Yellow crystals. 1970’s or older?

Rhoplex N-580 liquid in plastic jar, less than ½ quart.  Cons Mat Ltd Marietta Way early 1990’s

Rhoplex® N-580 is composed of polybutyl acrylate. The emulsion has a solids content of 54-56% with a pH of 7.5-8.5. Rhoplex® N-580 dries to for a slightly tacky film that is used as a pressure sensitive adhesive.  pH starts at 9.6 but dries to 5.9?  Contains formaldehyde and ammonia. 

Sturgeon Glue (Hausenblase)  20g sheet Kremer-Pigmente in plastic bag  1992?

Wheat Starch Paste  (uncooked) as powder in a large plastic jar Cons Mat Ltd Freeport Blvd 1981

Wheat Starch Paste in a plastic bag, maybe from the big jar?

Wheat Starch Paste as powder in a baby food jar, labeled 1997, maybe from big jar?

Zen Crystals  from Archival Products LA.  Powder in a small plastic jar

Precooked wheat starch paste

Zin Shofu Conservation Materials Ltd (Marietta location) sample in ziplock bag  Early 1990’s

wheat starch with gluten removed by precipitation  treated to remove the insoluble glutamine in the starch. This produces a very smooth, water-soluble paste with a neutral pH. The flexible dry adhesive has been used for hinging photos and prints



Acryloid B-48N 45% solids in toluene 1quart metal container nearly full  Cons Mat Ltd (Freeport Blvd) 1980’s

Methylmethacrylate butyl acrylate copolymer w/ butyl phthalate plasticizer.  Bonds well to metal 

Acryloid B-67 dry beads in a paper bag from Talas. Old

Isobutyl methacrylate polymer w/ crosslinking inhibitor.  Yellows with age.  Soluble in mineral spirits, acetone, isopropanol, etc Used mostly as a varnish?

Acryloid B-72 in plastic squeeze bottle, very thick c.2006?

Acryloid B-72 in a small glass brush bottle marked “toss” (50% full)

Acryloid B-72 in a brown glass bottle from Cons Emporium Aug 2002 full

Acryloid B-72 10% in ethanol in glass jar Jan 2010

Acryloid B-72 in acetone 5% Feb 2005 500mL glass lab jar (30% full)

Acryloid B-72 in acetone June 2001 500mL glass lab jar (30%)

Acryloid B-72 in acetone/ ethanol 5% Nov 2001 250mL glass lab jar (10% full)

Acryloid B-72 in xylene tall commercial glass jar (20% full)

Acryloid B-72 in 3 tubes from HMG, one full, one nearly empty, one used Aug 2002

Acryloid B-72 in three metal tubes from Steve Koob, Ellen’s from 1999

Acryloid B-72 in tiny vial with glass microballoons, hardened.  Ellen’s circa 1999

Araldite AY103 epoxy Cons Mat Ltd  125g glass bottle unopened? Freeport Blvd on label, circa 1980’s

Digycidyl ether of bisphenol A

Araldite Hardener HY956 Cons Mat Ltd 25g glass bottle unopened? Freeport Blvd on label, circa 1980’s

Mixed aminopoly (ethyleneamine)  Araldite is tacky for an hour, takes 24 hours to cure.

BEVA solution 371 in 1 gallon metal can mostly full Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

composed of Elvax (ethylene vinyl acetate [EVA] copolymer), Ketone Resin N (polycyclohexanone), A-C copolymer (EVA), Cellolyn 21 (phthalate ester of hydroabietyl alcohol) and paraffin. BEVA® 371 is an opaque gel at room temperature that produces a matte, waxy finish. It has been used for relining paintings and as a consolidant for paintings, leather and textiles.

BEVA finishing varnish sample  Cons Mat Ltd in a brown glass jar

CAMEO reports this as a transparent synthetic varnishes primarily of cyclohexanone resin. BEVA® varnishes are available in glossy, matte and UV stabilized formulations. The matte varnish contains wax as a matting agent.

BEVA 371 film on a roll Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

Butvar B-98 white crystals in a plastic jar, from Monsanto.  Very old pre-1981.

used commercially as adhesives, sealants, inks, and coatings to waterproof textiles and wood.

Butvar B-98 10% in ethanol 5% from 1981 large glass jar still clear liquid

Butvar B-98 in ethanol 5% from 1981 in small glass jar, dried and yellowed

Butvar (polyvinyl butyral resin) dries matte but over time becomes insoluble in acetone

ConServ Epoxy part B 500mL glass lab jar full (very yellow) 1998

ConServ Epoxy Part A 500-2 Epoxy Resin 1 Q metal can full? 1998 DISCARDED 2010 (dried up)

ConServ Epoxy Part B 500-2  Curing Agent 1 Q metal can full? 1998 DISCARDED 2010 (dried up)

Wood, metal, masonry, rebar structural repair

ConServ Epoxy Part A 100-1 Epoxy Resins 1 gallon metal can half full 1998

ConServ Epoxy Part A 100-1 Epoxy Resins 1 gallon metal can full 1998

Soft and decayed wood, nonstructural, flexible

Devcon Super Glue II in a tiny metal tube 2009

Not used on artifacts.  Used to make armatures or repair lab tools

Duco Cement two small metal squeeze tubes

Cellulose nitrate adhesive no longer recommended for use on artifacts. Used at ASM for scale casts of hair on microscope slides.

Epoxy Wood Consolidant part A Aug 2002 large glass jar (80% full) 2002

Epoxy Wood Consolidant part B medium glass jar full 2002

Hxtal Epoxy part A medium glass jar  (30% full)

Hxtal Epoxy part B medium glass jar  (10% full)

two-part epoxy adhesive made with the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A and triethylene diamine. Hxtal NYL-1 is a low viscosity, colorless, transparent resin that hardens to form a clear strong bond. It has been used for glass and china repair. Hxtal may discolor in direct sunlight  Refractive index 1.51

JB Weld Kwik Two metal tubes, 2009

Two-part epoxy with some filler in it, never used on artifacts here, only used to make armatures or repair lab tools.

Klucel G From Talas, 1/4lb bag of powder.  2009

Tested for scale casting fur and also for consolidation of PEG treated basketry, not so good for either one.

Klucel G 2% in ethanol 2009

Klucel G 20% in ethanol 2009

Klucel GF Conservation Materials Ltd (Marietta location) sample in ziplock bag Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

Described in Cons Mat Ltd catalog as flexible, not tacky, and a good barrier to fatty or oily materials.

Klucel from Cons Mat Ltd in a plastic jar, solidified. Marietta Way, early 1990’s

hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) compounds. Klucel® polymers are nonionic, water soluble, ethers of cellulose.  Leather consolidant?  Not very strong.  Can pre-saturate lifing flakes before use of methylcellulose to prevent discoloration.  Usually dissolved in ethanol. 

No longer manufactured?

prepared by kneading equal portions of each stick together until mixed. Milliput® shapes readily; surface drying can be minimized with a few drops of water. Before it hardens, acetone can be used for smoothing. The putty sets in 1 hour and hardens in 2-3 hours. Once hard, Milliput® can be sanded, drilled, cut, or filed. It adheres to wood, metal, plastic, glass, and porcelain. Milliput® is available in pure white, yellow-green, gray, and terracotta colors and may be tinted during mixing or painted after drying.

When hardened, Milliput is resistant to water as well as most solvents and chemicals

LMW Resin Top Coat 20% in low aromatic content solvent from Conservation Support System in 2009

Used in some museums as a top coat for applying labels to artifacts, given to the lab for testing.

Paraloid F-10 supplied as 40% in mineral spirits, one quart metal can June 2010

n-butyl methacrylate homopolymer. Softer and more flexible that Paraloid® B-72. Used as a heat sealing adhesive. When used for nap-bonding of net support, it adheres to the surface of the textile rather than penetrating (Lewis 1983) as mentioned on MFA’s CAMEO.

Paraloid B-67 1 kg bag of plastic beads MuseuM Services Corporation June 2010

Isobutyl methacrylate polymer. It contains a crosslinking inhibitor,yellows slightly with ages.  Soluble in toluene, xylene, methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, mineral spirits, VM&P naphtha, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, isopropanol.

Paraloid B-72 from Conservation Resources in small plastic bucket.  Dry beads.

PC-11 marine power white epoxy paste A in small metal tin

PC-11 marine power white epoxy paste B in small metal tin

Scott used on giant ceramics from an artist who used them

PVA AYAA Labels says Cons Mat Ltd Freeport Solid chunk in original plastic jar, clear. Small ziplock of dry beads Invoice says Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

low-molecular weight thermoplastic polyvinyl acetate resin. AYAA has an average molecular weight of about 83,000. It does not contain any additives. AYAA is colorless initially but yellows with light aging (Down et al. 1996). It is often used as a hot melt adhesive where its minimum heat seal temperature is 60 C for 1.5 seconds  May release ethyl acetate, ethanol, water, acetaldehyde on aging

PVA AYAC Cons Mat Ltd Freeport Dry beads in original plastic jar, clear. Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

It is generally used as an additive in other polyvinyl acetate resins to lower their softening point.  May release acetic acid on aging

PVA AYAC solidified in glass peanut butter jar, clear

PVA AYAF Cons Mat Ltd Freeport Dry beads in original plastic jar, clear. Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

PVA AYAF in xylene March 1980 tall glass jar (30% full, still viscous)

AYAF was previously sold as Vinylite A

PVA AYAF 40% in 1:1 acetone: ethanol in a glass jar 2009

PVA AYAT Cons Mat Ltd Freeport Dry beads in original plastic jar, clear  Dry beads in ziplock bag  Cons Mat Ltd (Marietta Way)1992

European equivalent is Mowilith 60; Vinylite (former name)

PVA AYAT 20% in acetone in a glass jar 2009

PVA AYAT 10% in acetone in a glass jar 2010

PVA Marking Varnish in a 1 pint glass jar from MuseuM Services Corp 2010

Bought for artifact label testing. 15% AYAF PVA in alcohol.

Regalrez 1kg bag of plastic pellets from MuseuM Services Corp June 2010

Low molecular weight hydrocarbon resin. Regalrez® 1094 is a hydrogenated oligomer of styrene and alpha-methyl styrene. Soluble in petroleum distillates. Most often used as a synthetic LMW resin to re-saturate dull ptg varnishes.

Sally Hansen Hard as Nails small commercial brush bottle

Wide range of ingredients in solvent, tested for scale casting fur and not as good as Duco.  Never used on artifacts.

Soluvar Matte Varnish from Liquitex  large plastic bottle 2010

Bought for testing artifact labeling. Includes 2-(hydroxyl-di-amyphenyl) benzotriazole acrylate monomers, petroleum distillates.  Soluvar® varnishes are designed for use on polymer (e.g., acrylic, vinyl), casein, and tempera paintings according to the CAMEO website.



Dating Conservation Supplies

July 19, 2010

When I arrived in the Alaska State Museum lab in 2006, there were a lot of old conservation materials (especially adhesives) that had accumulated since the lab was founded in 1976.  I also had a file of old purchase orders.  I got curious about how old the supplies were.  Even though our materials are supposed to age well, it is interesting to note that a lot of the supplies we use came into frequent use in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, which is around the same time graduate conservation training programs first got established in the United States.  I wonder how much introspection has been done on the history of our suppliers?  Here are some suppliers and how far back they go.  I’m wondering what ever happened to Conservation Support Systems…anyone know?


You can roughly date the products because the addresses were usually included on the labels. 

Spring 1978: Dorothy and Douglas Adams bought Conservation Materials Ltd in and moved to Sparks, Nevada where a shipping distribution center was available.  (source: WAAC newsletter profile on the owners 1986)  The company also put out a really interesting newsletter called “CM Times” that included a lot of great info.


1980’s: 240 Freeport Blvd Box 2884  TELEX 377405 (702) 331-0582

1989 – Early 1990’s: 1165 Marietta Way  PO Box 2884 (702) 331-0582 FAX (702) 331-0588

New labels include NEW FAX number which was mentioned in WAAC newsletter in 1989

1993-95?: 1275 Kleppe Lane #10 PO Box 2884 New address mentioned in Sept 1993 WAAC newsletter

May 20, 1994: Douglas Adams died in a car accident, Dorothy continued the business

By 1996: 1395 Greg Street Suite #110 (702) 331-0582 FAX (702) 331-0588

1997 Out of business.  Dorothy Adams started a similar business, but sold it in July 1997.   


1997 Conservator’s Emporium apparently bought the stock of Conservation Materials Ltd.  Run by William and Yolanda Foster.  He was a business consultant and she was a chemist.  New address 100 Standing Rock Circle in Reno, NV (Abby Newsletter V 21 #3 Sept 1997)

1999 Cons Mat Ltd used to make Quake Wax, but rights to the product were acquired in 1999 by Trevco, Makers of Quakehold!  Museum Wax, Clear Museum Gel and Museum Putty. 

2004 Flurry of distlist email rumors about Conservators Emporium being out of business or lagging far behind in their orders.  William Foster writes in July of 2004 to say he has $30,000 in unpaid receivables and the business is struggling.  Sold to MuseuM Services Corporation in 2005.


1968 founded

2005 Peter Mecklenburg of MuseuM Services Corporation announces that it acquired Conservator’s Emporium as of Nov 1 2005.New location is 385 Bridgeport Drive, South St Paul, Minnesota.


1962 Catalog says it was established in 1962

The 12 edition catalog generously provides dates and past locations:

1984 – 1994: 315 West 35th Street, New York NY

1994 – 2004: 568 Broadway, New York NY

2004-2008: 20 West 20th Street, New York, NY

2008- present: 330 Morgan Ave Brooklyn NY


1968 founded